A square patio will be defined by the lines of the garden. Against the rear wall of the house, against a hedge or any other separating structure, or in a central place in the garden. As the length and width are equal, a square patio will not affect the layout of the garden.
Diagonally-laid stones give the impression that the garden is bigger.
The ideal patio should be flat so that tables and chairs do not tip over.However, it must be neither slippery nor too rough, so as not to hurt children if they fall.
Patio dimensions depend on their use. In general, the dimensions should be large enough for normal use, which means about 27 ft² (2.5 m²) per seated person, enough space for people to pass through and of course space for garden furniture.
Depending on the layout, a rectangular patio can create the impression of being longer and wider. This can be accentuated if you take into account the surrounding footpaths.To give a wider impression, pave your patio using the same width of stones as the footpath surface. The outdoor surface can also be in a contrasting color. If you want your patio to seem longer, align the stones parallel to the footpath.
The average width of a car is 5.25 feet (1.6 m), so a driveway measuring 8.2 feet (2.5 m) may be sufficient. This measurement is equal to a standard parking space. However a width of 11 to 11.5 feet (3.3 to 3.5 m) is not excessive if you want to unload your car with the doors open!
Please take care to pave your patio level with your house wall and under the level of stagnant water.
Stagnant water is stone's greatest enemy.Therefore you should ensure that good foundations are planned from the outset. A permeable foundation will ensure that your paving is protected. In addition, a slight incline will allow water to run off more easily. You can use a slope of 0.4 to 0.8 inches per yard (1 to 2 cm per meter). Of course, ensure that this slope is towards the garden and not the house! When laying the paving, never place the stones right against wall. It is advisable to use expansion joints.
Natural stone will expand in the sun and contract when cold. If you forget to use expansion joints, repeated heating/cooling could cause the stone to crack. Therefore you should always use such a joint between the patio and the wall, preferably flexible and waterproof (e.g. frost-resistant kit or profile).
Also make you sure you respect all the rules concerning expansion joints for large patios:
For a patio, the foundation must be laid under the frost line, approximately 15.75 inches (40 cm) under the top surface.
Avoid this laying method because concrete retains stagnant water and will make the patio subject to frost damage. Also, concrete has a high adherence rate, which in the long term may provoke fissures in the tiling.
If however you have an under-layer of concrete, follow these recommendations:
Apply a draining underlay on the concrete (e.g. Trauba or Schlüter). Then lay a reinforced foundation at least 2 inches (5 cm) thick. Leave this foundation to dry out completely (approximately 28 days). Then lay the tiles using suitable fixing products and calibrate the tiles on the foundation. The major advantage of this method is that the patio does not come into contact with the concrete and can therefore react differently to climatic fluctuations.
This method is mostly used to lay tiles on a balcony or for roof-top patios. Nevertheless, it can be used to lay a patio on the ground as long as no vehicles are driven over it. Caution! For this type of tiling technique, the tiles must be at least 1.6 inches (4 cm) thick, no matter the type of material. The foundation must be uniformly level. If this is not the case it can be corrected with roofing. The supports will define the width of the open joints.
Method used in the same cases as normal laying. You can determine the width of the joints yourself 0.15 to 0.2 inches (4 to 5 mm). By using small plastic crosses between the tiles, you can ensure that the joint width remains the same. As long as the mortar has not hardened in the bags, you can lay and move tiles.
Order your tiles in one batch. Tiles from different production runs can show slight color differences.
To ensure your tiled surface is harmonious, we recommend that you mix tiles from different pallets.
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